The Godfather - 1972
Introduction Francis Ford Coppola and Mario Puzo collaborated on the screenplay for The Godfather, an American crime drama released in 1972. The film is based on Puzo's best-selling 1969 novel of the same name. Marlon Brando, Al Pacino, James Caan, Richard Castellano, Robert Duvall, Sterling Hayden, John Marley, Richard Conte, and Diane Keaton are among the actors that appear in the movie. It is the first film in the Godfather trilogy, which spans 1945 to 1955 and tells the story of the Corleone family under patriarch Vito Corleone (Brando). It focuses on how his youngest son, played by Al Pacino, goes from being a hesitant family outsider to a violent mob boss. Before it became well-known, Paramount Pictures paid $80,000 for the rights to the novel. The first few applicants turned down the post until Coppola agreed to direct the picture. However, there needed to be more clarity over the casting of several characters, particularly Vito (Marlon Brando) and Michael (Al Pacino). The majority of the filming, which took place on location in Sicily and New York City, was finished ahead of schedule. Nino Rota composed the majority of the music for the film, with additional works by Carmine Coppola. The Godfather had its world premiere on March 14, 1972, at the Loew's State Theatre, and on March 24, 1972, it received a wide release in the US. Between $250 and $291 million in box office receipts, it was the highest-grossing movie of 1972 and the highest-grossing movie ever for a while. Both critics and viewers unanimously praised the movie, praising Brando and Pacino's and Al Pacino's performances and the directing, writing, cinematography, editing, score, and portrayal of the mafia. The Godfather helped launch the careers of Coppola, Pacino, and other relative novices in the cast and crew. Brando's career, which had slowed down in the 1960s, was similarly revived by the movie; he later appeared in movies like Last Tango in Paris, Superman, and Apocalypse Now. The movie won Best Picture, Best Actor (Brando), and Best Adapted Screenplay at the 45th Academy Awards (for Puzo and Coppola). Pacino, Caan, and Duvall each received one of the seven more Oscar nominations for Best Supporting Actor, and Coppola received one for Best Director. A classic of the gangster genre, The Godfather is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential movies ever filmed. It was chosen in 1990 for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry of the Library of Congress after being judged to be "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." The American Film Institute ranks it the second-greatest movie ever made in America, just behind Citizen Kane. The Godfather Part II (1974) and The Godfather Part III were the sequels that came after it (1990).